The organisations mentioned here are of different kinds. A number of them were affiliated to the Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. There were 68 such organisations at the height of FCAATSI's powers. Some were Aboriginal community organisations, others were unions and religious and political organisations. The Council of Aboriginal Affairs was a government body and the Anti-Slavery Society had its headquarters in London.
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The Aboriginal Legal Service (ALS) was first established in 1970 to counteract police harassment among the Aboriginal community in Redfern, New South Wales.
The Aboriginal Medical Service (AMS) was established in 1971 as a community-controlled health centre for Indigenous people in Redfern, New South Wales.
The Aboriginal Progress Association was formed in August 1964 to promote Aboriginal progress and welfare.
The London-based Anti-Slavery Society, formed in 1839, merged in 1909 with the Aborigines Protection Society, thus becoming the Anti-Slavery and Aborigines Protection Society. It still exists.
The Cairns Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Advancement League (CATSIAL) was formed in 1959.
The Communist Party of Australia, formed in 1920, was the first Australian political party to develop policy regarding Aboriginal Australians.
The Council for Aboriginal Affairs, headed by HC (Nugget) Coombs, was the federal government's response to the success of the referendum. It was a reformist body in favour of Aboriginal land rights and often at odds with the Liberal-Country Party government it served.
The Federal Council for Aboriginal Advancement (FCAA) was formed in Adelaide in 1958 at a meeting attended by representatives from nine 'advancement' organisations. It was disbanded in 1978, soon after its name had been changed to the National Aboriginal and Islander Liberation Movement.
The Foundation for Aboriginal Affairs was established in 1963 to assist the large numbers of Aboriginal people coming to Sydney with housing, employment, education and legal and medical assistance.
The Methodist Commission on Aboriginal Affairs was established in October 1962 to gather information on Aboriginal affairs, study the issues involved and, where needed, to make statements to members of the Methodist Church and the wider community.
Along with Nindethana theatre in Melbourne, National Black Theatre in Redfern was one of the first Indigenous theatre companies.
The growth of women's organisations in the early 1970s led some Aboriginal women to recognise that there was a need for an Indigenous Women's organisation. The National Council of Aboriginal and Islander Women was the result.
The National Missionary Council was the peak body responsible for missionary work among Aboriginal Australians.
The National Tribal Council was formed in 1970 following a rift at the FCAATSI conference of that year over Indigenous control of the organisation. It was the first Indigenous-controlled national organisation but lasted only a few years.
Unlike similar bodies in the eastern states, this body was formed in Western Australia at the suggestion of government as a way of making negotiations with the state government easier.
The North Australian Workers Union existed to safeguard the pay and conditions of pastoral industry employees in the north of Australia, but until the late 1960s Aboriginal workers were excluded.
The Northern Territory Council for Aboriginal Rights (NTCAR), formed in Darwin in late 1961, played a central organising role in supporting the Gurindji walk-off in 1966.
Pindan was the name of the cooperative company set up by Don McLeod and the people who had taken part in the 1946 strike for equal wages for Aboriginal pastoral workers in the Pilbara.
The Queensland Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders (QCAATSI) began life as the United Council for Aboriginal Welfare in 1958.
The Society of Friends has a long history of opposition to racism, with a number of Quakers playing active parts in the Aboriginal rights movement of the 1960s.
The South Australian Aborigines' Advancement League was the oldest of the advancement leagues formed by non-Aboriginal Australians to change social attitudes and remove discriminatory legislation.
Through some of its energetic members, the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) played a key role in the formation of the Victorian Aborigines Advancement League and plans for the development of a national body.